In Covalent Bonding, an individual atom will link with a partner via a mutual exchange of electrons. This allows atoms  to pack together very tightly. When millions of these partnerships combine, they build cubic structures. The atoms are so tightly packed that no other particle can find a foothold anywhere in the cube. This makes for an incredibly strong and stable structure. The diamond is the best known example of this type. Few other minerals have covalent bonding, but some, like the silicates have a type that is intermediate between covalent and ionic bonding.



Copyright © Crystal Gateways 2005 – 2012. Amanda and Francis Moloney.


Needless it should be to say, but said it must be: Nothing written on this website should be considered before professional medical advice in the case of any medical condition whatsoever. And, only an idiot, or a complete curmudgeon would believe otherwise!


Please feel free to use excerpts and links from this original copyright material on the provision that you have natural good manners and say where you got it:
Francis Moloney@

© Crystal Gateways 2012

Author: amras888

Francis Moloney @Amras888 Composer, instrumentalist and Logic 8 software user. Bereavement Counselor retired. A Philosopher now disabled, bedbound but happy. Love my wife, son, and dog.

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